FLUID TREATMENT FOR METAL CASTING AND MILLING AND FOR GLASS MANUFACTURING AND FINISHING
|Application||Triangular Wave Technologies Benefits|
|METALCASTING AND METAL MILLING APPLICATIONS|
|Sheet stock||The extruding of angles, channel stock, and framing is a control of extruding dies and feed rates. The dies are cooled with a "milk" (water lubricant mixture). The parts are extruded and then drop press formed. The presses are also cooled. the hydraulic saws are "milk cooled and lubricated. Triangular Wave Deposit Control Systems control scale deposits on the "milk nozzles, pipes, and pumps. In addition, the Triangular Wave system helps keep the "milk" well mixed with the lubricant dispersed in the water.|
|Steel / iron foundry||Triangular Wave system controls deposits in the cooling waters for the cooling of the molds. Production rates are governed by temperature controls.|
|Aluminum foundry||Aluminum is less tolerant of water temperature variations. Cooling is critical. Triangular Wave system controls deposit in the cooling waters for the cooling of the molds. Production rates are governed by temperature controls.|
|Machine shops||The processes involved are: drop forge, compression sizing, boring, broaching, milling, grinding, turning, and polishing. All of these procedures require coolants, lubricants, and temperature controls. Triangular Wave systems have a place for all functions as a deposit control device, which will descale and extend the service life of the tooling.|
|Machine tool coolants||Coolants are a
mixture of lubricants and water. The lubricants can become
contaminated with bacteria and cause upsets in the systems which in turn
can cause off grade product. The calcium ions in the water can form
scale that can occlude pipes, spray nozzles, orifices, journals, passage
ways, flutes, and other surfaces needing to be both cooled and lubricated.
One of the highest costs of this type of operation is tooling. the set-up man must tear down the machine and retool on a fairly frequent basis. Triangular Wave systems can cut costs of man/hours and tooling and keep the quality control at a high level of performances.
|Energy savings||Better lubricant action with Triangular Wave treatment means less waste heat to be dissipated, and less scale on heat exchange surfaces means lower coolant pumping costs.|
|Aluminum machining||Aluminum is machined for use in transmissions and other drive train components. Aluminum must be machined more carefully than steel. It easier to sprawl and debris from tooling can the foul the surface easier. The importance of a clean surface is critical. Triangular Wave systems can extend the tooling life and help control the difficult machining tasks.|
|GLASS FINISHING APPLICATIONS|
Other types of glass production benefit equally as well
glass is produced by melting sand together with other inorganic
ingredients and then forming the molten material into a flat sheet.
The most common type of flat glass produced uses the soda-lime method with
the main ingredient being sand (silica) and other constituents including
soda ash, limestone, dolomite and cullet (broken glass, recycled in the
process). The manufacturing steps include batching (the mixing of
raw materials); melting; forming; annealing (to remove internal stresses);
grinding and polishing (to achieve flat and parallel surface); washing;
Removal of the silicas, lime, metals, oils, acids, abrasives, and pollutants used in the production and finishing processes can be greatly enhanced by use of TWT Deposit Control Systems. Enhanced end-product quality, reduced production costs, as well as protection of process equipment investment is achieved. The addition of TWT Filtration Systems aid further in the management of the wastewater stream and effluent discharge issues.
|Water supply and wastewater management||Sources
of process and potable water - municipal, abstraction wells, boreholes
(quality of water is important, pre-treatment may be required depending
upon initial quality and intended use). Large
volumes of water needed for cooling and production purposes.
Main wastewater sources from glass finishing processes - washing, quenching, grinding, polishing, direct contact with glass. Some processes may include machine cutting, alkali washing, acid polishing, acid etching. Major pollutants of concern: suspended solids, oil, pH, BOD5, total phosphorus, temperature. Also fluorides, and lead.
Main wastewater sources from glass wool production: heating and curing. Major pollutants of concern: suspended solids, organics, binders, lubricants, coupling agents, pH control agents: pollution abatement if wet scrubbing devices used.
Colored glass production may produce wastewater streams contaminated with heavy metals, e.g., vanadium, chromium and barium/lead etc.
Contact TWT for details on how we can help with problems like these, enhance your production process, save natural resources, and improve your bottom line.
|Metalcasting and Glass Manufacturing are two of the nine vital "Industries of the Future" designated by The US EPA Office of Industrial Technologies. According to the OIT, these nine industries necessarily use large amounts of heat and energy* to physically or chemically transform materials. Collectively, they supply 90% of the materials vital to our economy, produce $1 trillion in annual shipments, directly employ over 3 million people, and indirectly provide an additional 12 million jobs at all skill levels.|
The U.S. metalcasting industry’s annual energy use is estimated to be about 250 trillion Btus. Most of the energy is used for major operations such as melting, molding, and heat treating. The major fuels used are electricity and natural gas. Energy costs account for an estimated nearly 25% of the cost of diecasting products; for other industry segments, energy is estimated to account for 15% of total product cost. The energy efficiency of equipment used in U.S. foundries has been estimated at less than 45%. Cupola furnaces, still used by some iron casters, are less than 35% efficient.
The U.S. glass industry primarily uses energy to supply heat to the glass melting furnaces in which the raw materials are melted and refined, with downstream processing used to ultimately form and finish glass. According to the most recent Manufacturing Energy Consumption Survey (MECS), the U.S. glass industry consumed 249 trillion Btu of energy in 1994, excluding energy used in manufacturing products from purchased glass. Energy purchases cost the industry $1.4 billion in 1997, about 5% of the value of shipments that year. Excluding the much less energy-intensive products of purchased glass segment, energy purchases accounted for about 7% of shipments. Two-thirds of the energy used within the glass industry is used for process heating -- primarily to heat the raw materials to transform them into the glass melt. Electricity is used to power equipment, as well as to light facilities. Energy generally accounts for approximately 8% to 12% of glass production costs. Energy efficiency is considered a critical priority of the glass production sector, and improving thermal efficiency in the production process is considered a critical core of this effort.
|To learn more about energy and cost savings using TWT fluid management systems, click here. TWT Deposit Control Systems and comprehensive integrated treatment solutions provide the metal casting, milling, and finishing and glass manufacturing sectors with extensive benefits and significant return on investment in a cost-effective and environmentally responsible manner.|