• Biofilm is deposited by slime-forming bacteria common in water.
  • Biofilm serves as a host to a variety of other bacteria.
  • Triangular Wave Systems disperse slime-forming bacteria in the water, and the bacteria are not able to attach to the vessel walls to eat, reproduce, and form biofilm.
  • Other bacteria also are not able to attach to the biofilm where they would feed and reproduce.

Prevents Formation of Scale Etc. Very often water in cooling systems will have colloid sized particles. These include alumina, silica, bacteria, and algae. The colloidal particles have a surface charge that is relatively weak. As the colloids move around in the water, they collide, aggregate, and attach to the surfaces of the equipment. This is biofilm. Once established, the biological material can plug cooling tower and many other types of system components,  leading to bio-corrosion. Biofilm is very resistant to chemical biocides.
Chemical-Free Water Treatment

Industrial Process Streams

Deposit Control Benefits

When the colloids pass through the Triangular Wave field the surface charges on the colloids are enhanced. Some researchers theorize that this effect may be caused by an ordering of water molecules adsorbed on the surface of the colloids. The net result is that the colloids repel each other and the sides of the equipment, and do not form deposits on the surfaces of the equipment.

Slime-forming bacteria attach to the walls of  equipment and form biofilm. Biofilm is the habitat for other bacteria such as Legionella.

The Triangular Wave System enhances the surface charges of the slime forming bacteria, preventing them from attaching to equipment. This deprives other bacteria of a habitat they need to feed and propagate. Over a few days time, most of the bacteria die.

Corrosion Control

Biofilm Control

Save Water and Other Costs

Energy Savings

Softening Benefits